Reivent the Shophouse
Siem Reap, Masterplan 6ha, Concept 2017
Phnom Penh, 90 000 sqm , Residential
Schematic design 2016
‘Architectural modesty and integration are the values of this house.
It offers the best between western comfort and Cambodian craft.’
Reinvent the shophouse, Siem Reap, concept 2017
Masterplan 6ha, concept 2017
Our proposal questions the philosophy behind the development of a satellite city in the surroundings of siem Reap, on a 6ha land 10mn away from the center of the city by car.
Our strategy was clear, building on this site is like building a new neighborhood, or a little city center such as kampot for example. Hence, we studied how kampot was developed in the 1920s using a grid organisation of deep plots, which would later be built with shophouses. We learn from this precedent how to efficiently create a dense fabric with defined public spaces (streets, linear parks, riverfront promenade) and mixity of uses via the shophouse typology itself.
Nowadays, the shophouses have become a very sought after typology and are unanimously appreciated in modern cities such as Singapore or Penang due to their capacity of evolution to new use, their compacité which allow great protection against the hot/humid climate, and the domestic scale of the cityscape they create. Moreover such type of building eliminate the issue of common access has every housing has its own access from the street.
Our proposal is formed following a gridded structure of plots, which is broken by a wide linear park at his center. While the shop house organization is quite rational and follows a rational grid, the public space has a more organic shape inspired by the Siem Reap water system. It will create an axis at the center, a green backbone structuring the development. Along this part, 6m x 20m plots will be more suitable for commercial shophouses. On the sides, accessed by small roads, 4m x 10m plots will be suitable for small urban houses. This masterplan is conceived as it could be extended. It’s not en closed, surrounded by a road on which it is possible to build on both sides. To give the city a tropical and green aspect, 50% of the land is dedicated to green spaces creating beautiful luxuriant public spaces protecting the users from the sun.
A green boulevard at the scale of the territory creates a soft and seamless integration of the main road in the landscape. Later on, public transport ways could be inserted or cycle paths under the shade of the trees.
The pedestrians and narrow alley allow the inhabitants to use them as a collective space where they can gather, meet, eat, rest, etc.
These alleyway are green a maximum to be protected from the sun and to create a tropical city atmosphere.
The commercial shop house row is 6 meters wide in order to have a wide shop on the ground floor and a generous house above. This size allows it to have two rooms on each facade. The house and the commerce have separate accesses, so it can be split in two owners, for more flexibility than a normal shophouse.
The residential shop house rows is divided in
two house (two floors each) and is 4 meters wide. This size allows them to have one large rooms on each facade.
Each shophouse will have their own parking spots, half underground, above water level.
Nowaday in Cambodia, urban populations build above their last floor when they need more space. It could be interesting to allow them to do so thus offering them the possiblity to adapt their house to their evolving needs, without making it too chaotic. The free roof will be different each time according to the inhabitants creativity.
Antoine Meinnel / Bloom Architecture Co. Ltd.
Team: Antoine Meinnel, Antoine Contour, Khoan Pengly